At the most southern point of the Huemmling, the village Westerloh is located. The existence of a giant's grave from the Megalithic culture (around 3000 BC) on the village border proves an early settlement in this region.
The name of the village probably derives from the fact that the first settlers lived in the west of a forest between Westerloh and Laehden. The name Westerloh developed from the word Loh, which indicates a forest or a natural or artificial clearing.
Historical documents mention Westerloh for the first time in 1150.
The population register in Meppen states that under bishop Franz-Wilhelm von Warenberg (1625 - 1661) 44 persons lived in Westerloh in 1652, of those 10 were under the age of 14. The register "Status Animarum" documents 84 inhabitants (27 under 14 years of age) living in12 families (5 sole heirs, 7 contractors (landless cottagers)) for the farming community of "Wester Loe" in 1749. According to the population register of Meppen, Westerloh belonged to the parish of Haseluenne and counted 81 inhabitants in 1807. In 1858, Westerloh had 26 houses and 148 inhabitants (76 male, 72 female). In 1861 Westerloh consisted of the same number of houses and 138 inhabitants (72 male, 66 female).
In the course of Prussia's peasant liberation servants gained their freedom in 1808.
Some years later, in 1846, Haseluenne abolished the law according to which peasants had to pay tithes to landowners or the church. (Charlemagne introduced this system in 785. It was a contribution worth 10% of incomes and referred to grains, oil, flax and wine. The "small tribute" resulted from vegetables and fruits and the "blood tribute" from animals and animal products like milk, butter, eggs and honey). Mr "von der Ahe from Westerloh" had to pay a contribution of 10 Stueber (former currency). He paid a ransom of 15 Dutch Guilders. The parliament of Lower Saxony passed a law in 1852 stating that farmers could free themselves from these regular contributions and make a one off payment. This meant people did not have to deliver tributes to Haseluenne's gatekeepers any longer, which they used to pay annually.
At the same time, land owned by the county were distributed to inhabitants.
- Next >>